2° creation - artificial intelligence

08.07 - 06.08.22

The group exhibition on the topic "2nd creation" aims to bring artificial intelligence – automatization into the discourse and visualize how it is changing our world.

Evolution of artificial intelligence came gradually from the beginning of the golden age. The breakthrough came in 1941 from engineer Konrad Zuse, which created the Z3, the first programmable, fully automatic, digital computer. From then on, new worlds opened, ushering in unthinkable possibilities. Development went rapidly, above all thanks to computer pioneer Marvin Minsky in the 1950s. In 1966, Joseph Weizenbaum succeeded in the first Chatbot prototype, with the ability to process natural language. ELIZA was able to pretend to be a human being in short written conversations. In 1971, the first autonomous, driving car was presented at Stanford and finally in 1993 the decisive turning point. The first Netscape web browser made the Internet accessible to everyone, creating a space with an unimagined wealth of digital data.

Artificial intelligence is the next level of automatization. It facilitates accounting, calculates on behalf of humans or processes texts, and takes on skills and competencies that surpass people. For the first time in human history, the digital revolution enables us to put humanistic ideal into practice by using artificial intelligence clever and for the benefit of humans. If the data basis and decision-making framework are right, all technical systems work better, faster and cheaper. But with artificial intelligence, machines are now making complex decisions that previously only humans could make. Computers can solve known problems but cannot identify unknown problems. Brain researchers point out that despite all the advances in AI, it is still true Pablo Picasso's bon mot about computers: "Computers are stupid because they can't ask questions."

Can machines ever really create something new? Will machines soon be more intelligent than humans and are they training the ability to make themselves more and more intelligent?

A strong artificial intelligence would have to master this process in order to reinvent itself again and again, as humans have been doing for many thousands of years. People become smarter by learning, but can a machine do the same? It is hard to imagine constructing an artificial brain that copies the learning processes in the human mind. The human brain is the most complex entity that evolution has produced. Even today, it is not even remotely recognizable how humans could build an artificial brain with comparably versatile properties and comparably low energy consumption. It should be borne in mind that humanoids must be constantly connected to the Internet. And the most important dangers can be summarized in three keywords: Monopolization of data, manipulation of the individual and abuse by governments. Today we do not have to be afraid of artificial intelligence, but of people who abuse it.

The history of mankind is the sum of human choices. We decide normatively what we want. The New York author Albert Wenger puts it in a nutshell: "The ability to create knowledge makes us humans unique. Knowledge is created in a critical process. All people can and should participate in this process." But: Is thinking without consciousness possible? Can computers question themselves, as humans with a critical mind can? And can AI possibly develop a self-image, an awareness, and their own interests?

The US-American scientist Raymond Kurzweil assumes that by 2045 computers will surpass humans in almost all their abilities and that world history will pass into the phase of "transhumanism". No one knows what computers will be capable of in a few hundred years and, as superintelligence, cause the end of the human species. No one can predict whether artificial intelligent systems will destroy human jobs. The ergonomics scientists deal with automation forecasts and the resulting negative employment effects.

But AI is also friend of the human being. AI automation is finding its expertise as robot colleagues. The rise of robots is closely linked to an ever better functioning human-machine interaction. "Robots" become so-called "cobots" that work for us like good colleagues. They are not only programmed to help people for certain activities. They also notice when they endanger people. A series of cobots reacts to gestures, facial expressions, and tone of voice of his human interlocutor and calculates how his counterpart feels. Humanoids have long been in use in Japanese retirement homes and schools. But cultural attitudes accelerate or slow down the acceptance of innovation. In Europe, robots are enemies, in America servants, in China colleagues and in Japan friends. It depends on different trust habits of humans in distinct geographical areas. Where is the limit when it comes to delegating tasks to machines?

We humans have to think about which decisions we want to delegate to artificial intelligence. Each individual will have to learn where he wants to draw the line to machine paternalism. Artificial intelligence cannot take the thinking away from us. Thus, we first bear the responsibility for technological self-incapacitation within ourselves. Because in the age of automation of decisions by AI, people have to be happy with their decision, computers do not. Machines will never feel what happiness is!


In the group exhibition "2nd creation – artificial intelligence", 16 artists show their attitudes in relation to this topic. With the different techniques, in the field of sculpture, painting, software and digital media, the different ways of looking at AI are illustrated.

Participating artists:

Mirijam Heiler, Valeria Stuflesser, Lena Geiser, Duo-Josefa Schundau/Kira Krüger, Marlies Baumgartner, AliPaloma, Simon Perathoner, Harald Plattner, Manuel Van der Veen, Duo - Maximilian Willeit/Manuel Resch, Peter Senoner, Hannes Egger, Christian Bazant-Hegemark, Tino-Roberto Bors


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